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Free ebook with everything you need to know about Psilocybin

Table of content
Chapter 3:

Terms to Know


Psychedelic is the umbrella term for substances that cause non-ordinary states of consciousness and includes psilocybin, LSD, mescaline, and ayahuasca.

The term psychedelic comes from the Greek words psyche ("soul" or "mind") and deloun ("to manifest"). "Mind-manifesting" indicates that these substances can reveal and develop the mind's hidden potential.

Non-ordinary states involve changes in what we see, hear, think and feel. These states can include hallucinatory or mystical experiences.

Psychedelics shift the way we relate with others and the world around us. Most of these substances work by affecting particular serotonin receptors and neurotransmitters in the brain.

Psychedelic-Assisted Therapy

Psychedelics can be paired with therapy to produce rapid and long-lasting improvements to various mental health conditions. Psychedelic-assisted therapy usually consists of several preparatory one-on-one sessions with a qualified mental health professional, a supervised moderate or high-dose psychedelic experience, followed by one or more integration sessions.

During the psychedelic session, therapeutic teams generally do not interact with patients unless needed, primarily acting to help the patient feel safe. Some research has used a mix of individual and group therapy before and after the psychedelic experience.


There are two critical components of psychedelic preparation: Knowing what to expect and being clear on why you are going on this journey. While some psychedelic effects are difficult to believe until you have experienced them, most journeyers feel more comfortable if an experienced psychonaut has thoroughly briefed them on what might happen during the trip.

Setting an intention before an experience is a core practice in modern psychedelic-assisted therapy and the long traditions of Indigenous psychedelic use. Your intention aids focus and provides a psychological "anchor" when feeling overwhelmed.

But it's essential to be flexible: what you think you need to work on may not be what your subconscious and the mushrooms decide to explore together.


Proper integration maximizes the benefits of your peak mushroom experiences. Integration is about weaving your realizations and visions into your everyday life. It can take time to make sense of some journeys.

You may feel lost or confused at various moments for days, weeks, or months after your trip. Patience and compassion for oneself and others are vital qualities to cultivate.

Building a solid support network of people you trust and with whom you can share your innermost thoughts and most vulnerable feelings is essential. What the mushrooms show is rarely a matter of literal interpretation, and opportunities to unpack your experiences with trusted allies are invaluable.

Luckily, an increasing number of mental health professionals recognize the benefits of psychedelics, and integration services are available in many countries, even where psychedelics are still prohibited.

Set and Setting

Set is short for 'mindset,' which is your mental and emotional state when you have a psychedelic experience. Are you excited, tense, scared, tired, sad or energized?

Set can also include your intentions for undertaking an activity. Are you doing this for your mental health or spiritual growth? You may want to explore, connect, have fun, or experiment.

Setting is the environment in which you have your psychedelic experience. Where are you, and what is happening around you? Are you dancing at a festival, lying in bed, or walking through a forest? What do you hear? Who is with you, and how do you feel about them?

Set and setting greatly influence your experience. At Mushroom Tao, we've designed the private retreat program to ensure your set and setting are optimal. For weeks or months, we help you prepare to ensure a positive mindset when coming on retreat. We provide loving staff and a peaceful environment, so you feel safe and cared for before, during, and after your mushroom ceremony sessions.

“Bad Trip”

Psychedelic experiences can induce rapid perceptual shifts, which can be shocking, confusing, overwhelming, or frightening for even the most seasoned psychonauts. Some who have an incredibly challenging journey may call it a "bad trip."

Others contend there is no "bad trip." Many psychonauts, therapists, and guides reframe a "bad trip" as a "challenging experience." Psychedelic experiences can teach painful lessons and make us question our realities, expectations, and ideas. Seeing the truth can be difficult, especially when our pain is deeply rooted. Who determines what's right and wrong, good and bad?

What initially seems and feels like a "bad trip" may help the journeyer avoid misfortunes in the future. Psychedelics can show us how limited our perceptions are, so training ourselves to see through and understand multiple perspectives for a more holistic view of life is paramount.

With proper guidance and integration support, most people still rank these challenging journeys as being some of the most worthwhile experiences of their lives. We can go through a challenging experience and emerge more humble, grateful, and compassionate. These benefits make these arduous journeys worthwhile.

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